In the process of automatic development of culture, the battery layer cage mode has been widely recognized by the laying hens. This farming method has a small footprint, high space utilization rate, and stratified cleaning of chicken manure, which not only improves the utilization rate of chicken manure, but also reduces the degree of environmental pollution. At the same time, it reduces labor intensity and increases productivity. Although the use of poultry battery cages has many advantages, the premise is that it knows how to use it and how to manage it.
1.Give appropriate light
Good light can promote laying eggs, increase egg weight, increase survival rate and economic benefits of raising chickens. Give 24h light at 1~2 days of age, which is conducive to feeding, and then gradually changed to constant light or natural light. After entering the breeding period, the main light is taken as natural light, and the conditional light can be sealed and shaded for 8 to 12 hours. At least 13 hours of light stimulation at 18 weeks of age, followed by 15 to 30 minutes of light per week or every 2 weeks until 17 hours. The increase in illumination time is too fast, which may cause undesirable phenomena such as rectal prolapse and anal fistula. The light intensity of the laying hen house is controlled at 10~201ux, and the light time and intensity cannot be reduced during the laying period.
2. Create a suitable environment
In order for laying hens to lay eggs, it is necessary to create a suitable environment for growing and laying eggs. According to the changing rules of different seasons, the corresponding feeding management measures are adopted. In the high temperature and high humidity season in summer, it is necessary to pay attention to heatstroke prevention and cooling, strengthen the ventilation inside the house, maintain a dry environment, provide sufficient clean drinking water to the chickens, and appropriately increase the feeding amount of the vegetables to improve the feeding ability of the chickens. In the winter, special attention should be paid to the cold insulation and artificial replenishment of the house. The temperature in the house should be maintained above 13 °C, and the light should be heated for 15 to 16 hours. The drinking water should be heated appropriately and no cold water should be consumed.
3. Reasonable preparation of the diet
The feed formula is unreasonable and unscientific. Firstly, it is manifested in the incomplete nutrition of the diet, which leads to excessive and wasteful nutrients, too little and insufficient nutrition, thus affecting the egg production rate. The second is to increase the cost of feed formula, and it is not possible to mix local feed ingredients at any time according to local conditions. The third is that it can not meet the needs of energy and various nutrients in different egg-laying seasons. For example, the substitute energy of summer feed formula is lower than that of winter formula, otherwise it will not only waste feed, but also affect the metabolism and feed rate of chicken. Therefore, adopting a scientific diet formula is an important measure to improve feed remuneration.
4. Do a good job of disease prevention
Reducing dead chickens and eradicating epidemics is the key to success in raising chickens. According to the scientific sanitation and epidemic prevention procedures, various vaccines should be injected according to the age of different chickens. At the same time, the chicken houses and utensils should be disinfected regularly, and the feces in the house should be removed in time. The rats should be well-killed to prevent the rats and sparrows from entering the epidemic. In order to reduce the chance of spread of the epidemic, people should be kept in and out as much as possible, and visitors should not be allowed to visit. It is not allowed to enter strange houses to ensure the health and safety of the chicken farm.
The above is the management point for the chickens used in the layer chicken cages in the process of raising chickens for the farmers. I hope that the above description can bring some help to the farmers.